How is a medical examination of a rape victim done? Recently, the doctor KS Narayan Reddy and O. P. Murti have given also the answers to this question in their book ‘The Essentials of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology’. The description given in the post-doctoral examination of this book is like a screaming. Having some information from that book we are also trying to provide these facts.
The memory of Delhi’s Nirvoya rape incident has not been erased from the memories of the countrymen. If anyone would remember once that what terrible torture executed on the girl. It will still be wondering him. But what do you think rape is the worst possible occurrence of a girl? Then know, at some point in time something worse than rape can happen with a girl. The woman, in the face of such disrespect in the examination, is sometimes more shameful than the case of her original assault.
- If the crime happens before 48 hours or more, then with the help of a stick made with glass, cotton or spatula, the doctor collects the vaginal juice from the inside of the vagina and examine whether any semen or blood sample found also.
- With the help of ultraviolet ray in the complete nude condition, a doctor examines the body of the victim whether there is any sign of sperm on any part of her body also.
- The doctor takes the photos of infected parts of the body, especially close up the picture of sexual organs.
- However, such a mark is not visible in the body of 1/3 of the assault, because girls usually do not obstruct in fear of being attacked during the rape. Especially if the head is hit or neck is laid hold on, then its ability to stop and deteriorate greatly reduces. In those cases, there are no serious injury marks in other parts of his body.
- The girl’s hair of sexual organ is examined perfectly, whether there is a man’s hair or dust of sexual organ or not. Whether rape is alive or dead, at least 15-20 hairs of the sexual part are collected for medical examination.
- Hairs of the victim are also collected for examination.
- Whether any symptom of venereal disease around the sexual orientation of the victim also.
- Depending on how much pressure the woman has in her body depends on the type of scar or wound that will be created also. If a woman has a scar on her back or waist, then it must be understood that she was tortured by putting her on a stone or strong land.
*.Follow-up tests for doing the few:
- At 6 wk: Gonorrhea, chlamydial infection, human papillomavirus infection (initially using a cervical sample from a Papanicolaou test), syphilis, and hepatitis also.
- On 90 days: HIV infection
- At 6 mo: Syphilis, hepatitis, and HIV infection
If the vagina was penetrated and the pregnancy test was negative at the first visit, the test is repeated within the next 2 wks also. Patients with lacerations of the upper vagina, especially children, may require laparoscopy to determine the depth of the injury.
- Smears of the buccal, vaginal, and rectal mucosa
- Combed samples of the scalp and pubic hair as well as control samples (pulled from the patient)
- Fingernail clippings and scrapings
- Blood and saliva samples
- If available, semen.
Specialist collects evidence that can also provide proof of rape (see Table: Typical Examination for Alleged Rape); it typically includes –
Typical Examination for Alleged Rape
|* Demographic data about the patient
* Name, address, and phone number of the guardian if the
* Patient is underage
* Name of the police officer, badge number, and department
* Date, time, and location of the examination.
|* Circumstances of attack, including-
* Activities of the patient after the attack, such as-
* Last menstrual period
* Date of previous coitus and time, if recent
* Contraceptive history (eg, oral contraceptives, intrauterine device)
* Condition of clothing (eg, damaged, stained, foreign material adhering)
* Small samples of clothing, including an unstained sample, given to the police or laboratory
* Hair samples, including loose hairs adhering to the patient or clothing, semen-encrusted pubic hair, and clipped scalp and pubic hairs of the patient (at least 10 of each for comparison)
* Semen took from the cervix, vagina, rectum, mouth, and thighs also.
* Blood was taken from the patient.
* Dried samples of the assailant’s blood taken from the patient’s body and clothing also.
* Smears of buccal mucosa
* Fingernail clippings and scrapings
* Other specimens, as indicated by the history or physical examination
* Acid phosphatase to detect the presence of sperm
* Saline suspension from the vagina (for sperm motility)
* Semen analysis for sperm morphology and also presence of A, B, or H blood group substances
* Baseline serologic test for syphilis in the patient
* Baseline testing also for sexually transmitted diseases in the patient
* Blood typing (using blood from the patient and dried samples of the assailant’s blood)
* Urine testing, including drug screen and pregnancy tests
* Other tests, as indicated by the history or physical examination.
Treatment, referral, physician’s clinical comments
|* Specify and below-
Our neighborhood area where more rape cases. But the victim party don’t bring most of that occurrence to the notice of police. One of the reasons is that, after complaining to the police, most of the victims are to face the unexpected shame, torture, and violence also.