The name of Breast Cancer disease is enough to make panic. And there is no reason to be a victim of this disease. And if you suspect that the disease has been adorned with your body, then it is necessary for the doctor to go to the hospital. However, there is no other way except to test the disease. But testing is not a simple thing anymore. It is possible to test breast cancer only using radiation. And it is also very uncomfortable for women. It is possible to take this test through the radiation only if you open the clothes. This test is also cost-effective. So many women have avoided this fact. And later when there is no more to be caught then caught.
The early signs of breast cancer
An irregularity in the bosom or underarm that continues after your menstrual cycle. This is regularly the primary obvious indication of bosom growth. Bumps related with bosom growth are typically easy, albeit some may cause a thorny sensation. Bumps are normally unmistakable on a mammogram well before they can be seen or felt.
Other possible symptoms of breast cancer include:
* Swelling of all or part of a breast (even if no distinct lump is felt)
* Skin irritation or dimpling.
* Breast or nipple pain.
* Nipple retraction (turning inward)
* Redness, scaliness, or thickening of the nipple or breast skin.
* Nipple discharge (other than breast milk)
The breasts are composed of firm glandular tissue and soft fatty tissue. Together they make the breast tissue feel lumpy and bumpy with hills, valleys, and ridges. That is normal. If you feel a lump, check the opposite side and see if it has a matching area i.e. mirror image.
Most women have some lumps or lumpy areas in their breasts all the time.Breasts tend to have different “neighborhoods.” The upper, outer area near your armpit tends to have the most prominent lumps and bumps. The lower half of your breast can feel like a sandy or pebbly beach.
Women ages 40 to 44 should have the choice to start annual breast cancer screening with mammograms (x-rays of the breast) if they wish to do so. They should get mammograms every year. Women 55 and older should switch to mammograms every 2 years or can continue yearly screening.
How do you examine your breasts?
Place a pillow under your right shoulder and your right arm behind your head. Using your left hand, move the pads of your fingers around your right breast gently in small circular motions covering the entire breast area and armpit. Use light, medium, and firm pressure. Squeeze the nipple; check for discharge and lumps.
Place your left hand on your hip and reach with your right hand to feel in the left armpit. Repeat on the other side. Check both sides for lumps or thickenings above and below your collarbone. With hands soapy, raise one arm behind your head to spread out the breast tissue.
Use a firm, smooth touch with the first few finger pads of your hand, keeping the fingers flat and together. Use a circular motion, about the size of a quarter. Cover the entire breast from top to bottom, side to side from your collarbone to the top of your abdomen, and from your armpit to your cleavage.
Detection of breast cancer with an ultrasound
If an abnormality is seen on mammography or felt by physical exam, ultrasound is the best way to find out if the abnormality is solid (such as a benign fibroadenoma or cancer) or fluid-filled (such as a benign cyst). It cannot determine whether a solid lump is cancerous, nor can it detect calcifications. Sometimes, a follow-up mammogram (may be called a diagnostic mammogram) or breast ultrasound is done. If the finding does not look like breast cancer (for example, it is a cyst), no further testing is needed and you return to your regular schedule of breast cancer screening with clinical breast exams and mammograms.
Breast ultrasound is non-invasive and often used as a follow-up test after an abnormal finding on a mammogram, breast MRI or clinical breast exam. If a needle biopsy is needed, the breast ultrasound may also be used to help guide the procedure. Ultrasound imaging of the breast uses sound waves to produce pictures of the internal structures of the breast. It’s primarily used to help diagnose breast lumps or other abnormalities your doctor may have found during a physical exam, mammogram or breast MRI.
A breast ultrasound is used to see whether a breast lump is filled with fluid (a cyst) or if it is a solid lump. An ultrasound does not replace the need for a mammogram, but it is often used to check abnormal results from a mammogram. It also is sometimes used along with mammography for breast cancer screening in a woman with dense breast tissue. However, ultrasound cannot pick up the small details that mammography can, which means it can’t find microcalcifications, which are usually the first sign of cancer.
Although mammography is the most effective screening tool for breast cancer used today, it is not perfect. Depending on certain factors (such as breast density) mammography may miss nearly 30 percent of breast cancers. Combining mammography with clinical breast exam may improve its ability to find cancer. Finding breast cancer early reduces your risk of dying from the disease by 25-30% or more. Women should begin having mammograms yearly at age 40, or earlier if they’re at high risk. Don’t be afraid.The procedure is safe: there’s only a very tiny amount of radiation exposure from a mammogram.
Detection of breast cancer with the x-ray machine
During a mammogram, a patient’s breast is placed on a flat support plate and compressed with a parallel plate called a paddle. An x-ray machine produces a small burst of x-rays that pass through the breast to a detector located on the opposite side. Like traditional mammography, 3D mammography uses X-rays to produce images of breast tissue in order to detect lumps, tumors or other abnormalities. 3D captures multiple slices of the breast, all at different angles. The images are brought together to create the crystal clear 3D reconstruction of the breast.
How to identify easily?
But no longer worry. We can perform Breast cancer diagnosis easily. The only portable machine named ‘Pandora CD X‘ can only be detected breast cancer by blood tests. It’s just within 10 minutes again. Even in this system woman’s clothing will not need to be opened. And the cost? The costs of this test will be less than $15. A technician will operate this machine. The test report will be reached to the doctor through mobile. The doctor will call the patient as needed to see the report.
In practice, the breast cancer test by mammography machine is very costly. The price of that machine around 100000 dollars. But the price of the new machine is at least 10 times less than that. And among them, Maharashtra Health Minister Dr. Deepak Sawant announced this new project. The health minister said the pilot project will start soon in the state. The government will look into the people of every area so that they can easily test by this machine. Deepak Sawant hopes, more and more women will come forward to take the test free of new machines. As a result, it is possible to reduce the mortality rate of cancer.